Microdermabrasion is a form of skin exfoliation using crystals of aluminum oxide to physically remove the dry, flaky layer of dead skin cells on the skin surface. Microdermabrasion can target clogged pores in acne and acne-prone skin to promote clearing of acne breakouts. By peeling off superficial layers of skin overlying blotchy patches, skin discoloration caused by previous acne breakouts can be improved. Another benefit of microdermabrasion is its ability to remove dead skin cell buildup that can prevent prescription creams from readily penetrating the skin surface. By exposing the underlying normal skin, microdermabrasion treatment can help medications to be absorbed more easily and to reach deeper levels where they can be more effective. Although this treatment is very safe for most skin types, patients with sensitive skin conditions such as rosacea may require more gentle treatment parameters than patients with normal, less sensitive skin.